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Canal & The Society

The Suez Canal ’s role is not confined to servicing the world trade. It goes beyond that to serve the Canal Zone community ...

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Egypt Gate

Useful Information About Egypt:

GMT plus two hours (GMT plus three hours from May to September)

Egypt is located in the north-east corner of Africa between the Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Sudan and Libya. The Sinai peninsula is separated from the African continent by the Suez Canal and the Red Sea. The peninsula also faces Jordan and Saudi Arabia across the Gulf of Aqaba. About 95 per cent of Egypt is uninhabited desert.

The climate is dry with very little rainfall, hot in summer and cool in winter.

In Cairo, it varies around 38 degrees C in summer to 15 degrees C in winter. Sandstorms usually blow between mid March to end of April and can sometimes disrupt air traffic. Rainfall is largely confined to the Mediterranean coast , with around 200 millimeters a year in Alexandria. Egypt is dependent on the Nile for nearly all its water needs. The government is pressing ahead with desert reclamation schemes, but these are also dependent on limited Nile waters as reserves of water underground the desert have so far proved relatively insignificant.

Dress codes:
Overall, Egypt is a very casual country! However, you may want to plan accordingly for the weather. Day dress should include cotton and breathable fabric clothing, comfortable shoes, hat, and sun block. Shorts are acceptable. Evening dress is smart-casual. A light jacket or sweater is advisable for the months of October - April. Lightweight clothing is necessary for the hot summer months (May to September) end. Business dress is formal - conservative dress is recommended or both men and women when visiting religious sites.

Food & Water:
A change in drinking water and food can upset your stomach when traveling. We advise you to drink Egypt only bottled water, which can be purchased at most hotels and vendors. In the first few days, we recommend you eat lightly and avoid any raw vegetables or fruits, unless you can peel them. If you should come in counter with the "Pharaoh's Curse", no worries! Your tour guide or representative will be able to help you obtain certain medications specific for this problem. These medications can be purchased in most pharmacies throughout Egypt.

Public holidays:
- Fixed dates
22 Feb (Unity Day) (schools, universities), 25 Apr (Sinai Day), 1 May (Labour Day), 18 Jun (Evacuation Day), 23 Jul (Anniversary of the Revolution), 6 Oct (Armed Forces' Day), 24 Oct (Suez Day), 23 Dec (Victory Day) (schools, universities).

- Variable dates
The Islamic year contains 354 or 355 days, with the result that Muslim feasts advance by 10-12 days against the Gregorian calendar each year. Dates of feasts vary according to the sighting of the new moon so it cannot be exactly forecast.
Eid al-Fitr (end of Ramadan), Eid al-Adha, Sham el-Nessim (Coptic Easter Monday), Prophet Mohammed's Birthday, Eid al-Fitr.

Working hours:
Egypt is a Muslim country and the official day off is Friday. Embassies and offices of some foreign companies also close on Saturday or Sunday. Some companies treat Thursday as a half day. Hours may also vary between winter and summer.

-GovernmentSun-Thu: 0830-1400
Sat-Thu: 0900-1700
0900-1500: Fri closed
- Shops
Shops are closed on Sundays. In summer they are open daily from 0900 to 1230 and again from 1600 to 2000 except Thursdays and Mondays. In winter they open 0900 - 1900 except Monday and Thursday when they open until 2000.

- Telephone/fax
Direct dialing is available to more than 150 countries: telephone cards can be easily purchased and phone booths are available in many locations.

- Postal services
It is advisable to use airmail, which takes around five days to reach Europe.

- Mobile phones
There are three network operators, MobiNil, VodaFone and Etisalat.

- Internet/e-mail
Different Internet service providers operate in Egypt and Internet access is available in most hotels.

Electricity Supply

220 volts is the electrical current used within the country. The 220 volts is a two-pronged plug. Most 5 star hotels provide hair dryers and ironing service. However, if you need to bring an appliance, you may want to purchase an adapter before traveling.

Canal History
13th century BCE

13th century BCE, A canal is constructed between the Nile Delta and the Red Sea. For the following centuries, the canal was only partially maintained...


1854, By a French initiative, the viceroy of Egypt, Said Pasha, decides for a project to build a canal from the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea...


1858, La Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez is formed to construct the canal.

17 Nov 1869

17 Nov 1869, With great splendour, the canal is opened for navigation. Dimensions were 22 metre in bottom width, 58 metre in surface width, and a depth of 8 metres...

2 Mar 1888

2 Mar 1888, The Convention of Constantinople guaranteed right of passage of all ships through the Suez Canal during war and peace...

13 Jun 1956

13 Jun 1956, Suez Canal Zone restored to Egypt.
26 Jul 1956, Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal.

5 Jun 1975

5 Jun 1975, Suez Canal reopened...

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Egypt Gate

Egyptian Official Sites

Tourism Information

Places, directions, travel co. and more.

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