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Canal & The Society

The Suez Canal ’s role is not confined to servicing the world trade. It goes beyond that to serve the Canal Zone community ...

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Suez Canal Authority Overview

SCA Headquarter (Irshad Building)- Ismailia

The Suez Canal Authority (SCA), established on July 26th, 1956 , is a public and an independent authority of a juristic personality,SCA shall report to the Prime Minister. It has all the authorities needed for running the Canal without being limited by the laws and the systems of the government.

 The SCA manages, operates, uses, maintains and improves the Suez Canal. It is the SCA, alone and exclusively, that issues and keeps in force the rules of navigation in the Canal and other rules and regulations that provide for a well and orderly run canal.

The SCA may, when needed, establish, encourage or take part in establishing projects that are related to the Canal. The SCA, for fulfilling its duties and obligations shall have all the relevant authorities and in particular the authority to own, possess land and real estates. The SCA may rent out its land or real estates and it may hire others’ land or real estate as well to serve a purpose set forth for the Canal, for the welfare of its employees and staff or for establishing projects and utilities related to the Canal that provide for a well performance of the Canal such as water stations and power plants….etc.

A Republican Decree is issued on the appointment, dismissal of the chairman and members of the SCA’s Board of Directors and shall stipulate their pay and remunerations as well. provisions of the Constantinople Convention of 1888

The SCA shall impose and levy tolls on navigation and transit through the Canal, and on pilotage, towage, berthing and other similar actions according to the laws and regulations.

The SCA has a separate budget that follows the rules applicable to the commercial projects. The fiscal year starts on July 1st and ends on June 30th every year.

The SCA shall not take any procedure that go against the provisions of the Constantinople Convention of 1888 concerning the free navigation of the Suez Maritime Canal nor shall it give any privilege to a vessel or normal / legal person that is not given, in the same circumstances, to other vessels or normal / legal persons and nor shall it discriminate against some clients in favor of some other clients.

Presidents of the Suez Canal Company (1855-1956):

  1. Ferdinand De Lesseps,
    (1855 - 7 Dec. 1894)
  2. Jules Guichard,
    (Dec. 1894 - 17 July 1896)
  3. Auguste Louis Albe'ric - Prince d'Arenberg, (3 Aug. 1896 -1913)
  4. Charles Jonnart,
    (19 May 1913 - 1927)
  5. Louis de VogÜe',
    (4 Apr. 1927 - 1 Mar. 1948)
  6. Francois Charles-Roux,
    (4 Apr. 1948 - 26 Jul. 1956 )

Chairmen of the Suez Canal Authority (1956-Present):

  1. Dr.Mohamed Helmy Bahgat Badawy, (26 Jul. 1956 - 9 Jul. 1957)
  2. Eng.Mahmoud Younis,
    (10 Jul. 1957 - 10 Oct. 1965)
  3. Eng.Mashhour Ahmed Mashhour ,
    (14 Oct. 1965 - 31 Dec. 1983)
  4. Eng.Mohamed Ezzat Adel,
    (1 Jan. 1984 - Dec. 1995)
  5. Admiral Ahmed Ali Fadel,
    (22 Jan. 1996 - 12 Aug. 2012)
  6. Admiral Mohab Mameesh,
    (12 Aug. 2012 - Present)

Canal History
13th century BCE

13th century BCE, A canal is constructed between the Nile Delta and the Red Sea. For the following centuries, the canal was only partially maintained...


1854, By a French initiative, the viceroy of Egypt, Said Pasha, decides for a project to build a canal from the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea...


1858, La Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez is formed to construct the canal.

17 Nov 1869

17 Nov 1869, With great splendour, the canal is opened for navigation. Dimensions were 22 metre in bottom width, 58 metre in surface width, and a depth of 8 metres...

2 Mar 1888

2 Mar 1888, The Convention of Constantinople guaranteed right of passage of all ships through the Suez Canal during war and peace...

13 Jun 1956

13 Jun 1956, Suez Canal Zone restored to Egypt.
26 Jul 1956, Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal.

5 Jun 1975

5 Jun 1975, Suez Canal reopened...

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Egypt Gate

Egyptian Official Sites

Tourism Information

Places, directions, travel co. and more.

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